Relationship between immediate hypersensitive reactions by buckwheat ingestion and specific IgE for rice in subject with positive IgE-RAST for buckwheat

E. Wada, A. Urisu, Y. Kondo, F. Horiba, M. Tsuruta, T. Yasaki, S. Masuda, K. Yamada, T. Kozawa, Y. Hida

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Abstract

IgE-mediated mechanisms are important in immediate hypersensitive reactions (IHR) to buckwheat. However, a part of subjects with high IgE for buckwheat show no IHR to buckwheat ingestion. Inspite of cross-allergenicity between buckwheat and rice, rice ingestion rarely induces IHR even in subjects with high IgE for rice unlike buckwheat-induced IHR. We speculated that there were some relationships between the presence of IHR to buckwheat and recognition of cross-allergenic determinants on buckwheat components with rice components. We examined IgE-RAST for rice in 58 subjects with positive IgE-RAST for buckwheat. IgE-RAST for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp), egg white and cow's milk as unrelated antigens with rice were also assessed for a comparison. Subjects (n = 33) without IHR to buckwheat showed higher IgE-RAST values for rice than those (n = 25) with IHR, whereas there were no differences in IgE-RAST values for Dp, egg white and cow's milk between two groups with and without IHR. IgE-RAST values for buckwheat showed significant close correlations to those for rice in subjects without IHR to buckwheat but not in those with IHR. There were no significant correlations between IgE-RAST values for buckwheat and for Dp, egg white or cow's milk in both groups with and without IHR. These results suggested that the IgE from subjects without IHR to buckwheat recognized cross-allergenic determinants with rice on the buckwheat components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1493-1499
Number of pages7
JournalArerugī = [Allergy]
Volume40
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 12-1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy

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    Wada, E., Urisu, A., Kondo, Y., Horiba, F., Tsuruta, M., Yasaki, T., Masuda, S., Yamada, K., Kozawa, T., & Hida, Y. (1991). Relationship between immediate hypersensitive reactions by buckwheat ingestion and specific IgE for rice in subject with positive IgE-RAST for buckwheat. Arerugī = [Allergy], 40(12), 1493-1499.