Relationship between L-tryptophan uptake and L-tryptophan, 2,3-dioxygenase activity in rat hepatocytes

Kuniaki Saito, Y. Ohta, Y. Nagamura, E. Sasaki, I. Ishiguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between L-tryptophan uptake and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase activity in hepatocytes was examined and compared with the change of hepatic L-leucine, L-phenylalanine, and L-tyrosine uptakes using isolated hepatocytes of rats in which the oxygenase was induced with L-tryptophan or hydrocortisone. In L-tryptophan- or hydrocortisone-treated rat hepatocytes, the rate of L-tryptophan uptake into hepatocytes via the saturable high-affinity transport component significantly increased but the hepatic uptake rate of L-leucine did not change at all. In hydrocortisone-treated rat hepatocytes, a little stimulated hepatic uptake of L-phenylalanine or L-tyrosine was observed. In the stimulated hepatic uptake of L-tryptophan via the high-affinity transport component, the Km value did not change but the Vmax value increased. Liver plasma membranes prepared from rats treated with L-tryptophan or hydrocortisone showed the same binding rate of L-tryptophan to the membranes as those from control rats. In addition, hepatic L-tryptophan uptake via the high-affinity transport component correlated well with hepatic tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase activity (r = 0.787). The present results indicate that the uptake of L-tryptophan into hepatocytes via a transport system which works under physiological conditions is closely related to hepatic tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry International
Volume20
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 07-02-1990

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Dioxygenases
Tryptophan
Rats
Hepatocytes
Liver
Tryptophan Oxygenase
Hydrocortisone
Phenylalanine
Leucine
Tyrosine
Rat control
Oxygenases
Cell membranes
Cell Membrane
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Saito, Kuniaki ; Ohta, Y. ; Nagamura, Y. ; Sasaki, E. ; Ishiguro, I. / Relationship between L-tryptophan uptake and L-tryptophan, 2,3-dioxygenase activity in rat hepatocytes. In: Biochemistry International. 1990 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 71-80.
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Relationship between L-tryptophan uptake and L-tryptophan, 2,3-dioxygenase activity in rat hepatocytes. / Saito, Kuniaki; Ohta, Y.; Nagamura, Y.; Sasaki, E.; Ishiguro, I.

In: Biochemistry International, Vol. 20, No. 1, 07.02.1990, p. 71-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Relationship between L-tryptophan uptake and L-tryptophan, 2,3-dioxygenase activity in rat hepatocytes

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