Relationships among the β3-adrenargic receptor gene Trp64Arg polymorphism, hypertension, and insulin resistance in a Japanese population

Youhei Yamada, Haruki Nakamura, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Akinori Hara, Sakae Miyagi, Takayuki Kannon, Takehiro Sato, Kazuyoshi Hosomichi, Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Yasuhiro Kambayashi, Yukari Shimizu, Kim Oanh Pham, Keita Suzuki, Fumihiko Suzuki, Tomoko Kasahara, Hirohito Tsuboi, Atsushi Tajima, Hiroyuki Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A polymorphism in the ADRB3 gene (Trp64Arg) has been associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and hypertension. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationships among this polymorphism, hypertension, and insulin resistance values (HOMA-IR) in 719 Japanese subjects aged 40 years and older. The genotype frequencies of Trp64Trp (homozygous, wild), Trp64Arg (heterozygous, variant), and Arg64Arg (homozygous, variant) were 466 (65%), 233 (32%), and 20 (3%), respectively. Insulin resistance was associated with an increased risk of hypertension in a Japanese population. This relationship was dependent on the presence or absence of the Trp64Arg polymorphism (odds ratio, 2.054; confidence interval, 1.191 to 3.541; P value, 0.010). Therefore, the Trp64Arg polymorphism of ADRB3 was associated with hypertension and insulin resistance in a healthy Japanese population. This relationship, which was dependent on the polymorphism, may predict the development of hypertension and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0255444
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number8 August
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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