It is considered that sensory neurons extend into the tumor microenvironment (TME), which could be associated with tumor growth. However, little is known about how sensory signaling could promote tumor progression. In this study, chemogenetic activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (Trpv1)-positive sensory neurons (C-fibers) by the microinjection of AAV-hSyn-FLEX-hM3Dq-mCherry into the sciatic nerve dramatically increased tumor volume in tumor-bearing Trpv1-Cre mice. This activation in Trpv1::hM3Dq mice that had undergone tumor transplantation significantly reduced the population of tumor-infiltrating CD4+ T cells and increased the mRNA level of the M2-macrophage marker, CX3C motif chemokine receptor 1 (Cx3cr1) in immunosuppressive cells, such as tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and tumor-infiltrating monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs). Under these conditions, we found a significant correlation between the decreased expression of the M1-macrophage marker Tnf and tumor volume. These findings suggest that repeated activation of Trpv1-positive sensory neurons may facilitate tumor growth along with changes in tumor-infiltrating immune cells.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 12-03-2023|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology