Repression of Tax Expression Is Associated both with Resistance of Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1-Infected T Cells to Killing by Tax-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes and with Impaired Tumorigenicity in A Rat Model

Machiko Nomura, Takashi Ohashi, Keiko Nishikawa, Hironori Nishitsuji, Kiyoshi Kurihara, Atsuhiko Hasegawa, Rika A. Furuta, Jun Ichi Fujisawa, Yuetsu Tanaka, Shino Hanabuchi, Nanae Harashima, Takao Masuda, Mari Kannagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) causes adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). Although the viral transactivation factor, Tax, has been known to have apparent transforming ability, the exact function of Tax in ATL development is still not clear. To understand the role of Tax in ATL development, we introduced short-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against Tax in a rat HTLV-1-infected T-cell line. Our results demonstrated that expression of siRNA targeting Tax successfully downregulated Tax expression. Repression of Tax expression was associated with resistance of the HTLV-1-infected T cells to Tax-specific cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte killing. This may be due to the direct effect of decreased Tax expression, because the Tax siRNA did not alter the expression of MHC-I, CD80, or CD86. Furthermore, T cells with Tax downregulation appeared to lose the ability to develop tumors in T-cell-deficient nude rats, in which the parental HTLV-1-infected cells induce ATL-like lymphoproliferative disease. These results indicated the importance of Tax both for activating host immune response against the virus and for maintaining the growth ability of infected cells in vivo. Our results provide insights into the mechanisms how the host immune system can survey and inhibit the growth of HTLV-1-infected cells during the long latent period before the onset of ATL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3827-3836
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume78
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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