We describe a domestic case of retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) in a child caused by a community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) isolate that was genetically proven to be the USA300 clone (sequence type [ST]8-SCCmec IVa-Panton-Valentine leukocidin [PVL]). USA300 generally has a PVL gene, an epidemiologic association with severe and recurrent skin and soft tissue infection, and is the leading cause of RPA in the United States. A 1-year-old previously healthy girl visited the emergency department with fever, sore throat, and a difficulty in moving her neck. The patient had no recent medical exposure or history of travel abroad. Enhanced computed tomography revealed a bulky low-density area with ring enhancement in the retropharyngeal and right parapharyngeal spaces. MRSA was isolated from pus obtained from surgical drainage, and antibiotics were continued for a total of 21 days. MRSA was analyzed by whole genome sequencing and compared with representative USA300 isolates. The strain was typed as ST8-t9829-SCCmec IVa with PVL and arginine catabolic mobile element, and its sequence was 99.8% identical to USA300 isolates. The present case supports the possibility that USA300 is potentially spreading in the Japanese community and raises the possibility of USA300 invasive infections without a clear route of infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases