Capsule endoscopy (CE) and double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) have revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). Although CE and DBE provide access to the small bowel and OGIB can be effectively treated by the identification of specific bleeding lesions, some patients experience rebleeding after small bowel investigation. There are no definite algorithms to determine the best follow-up period for patients with OGIB. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term outcomes and risk factors for rebleeding and to develop a follow-up strategy for patients with overt OGIB. Among 386 patients who underwent CE for OGIB at Nagoya University Hospital between June 2004 and December 2015, 318 patients with overt OGIB were enrolled in this retrospective study. The clinical characteristics and risk factors for rebleeding were analyzed, and a predictive model for the same was developed. Rebleeding occurred in 45 patients (14.2%) during a median follow-up period of 16.8 months. Multivariable regression analysis identified the following factors as significant independent predictors of rebleeding : vascular lesions seen during CE, transfusion requirement, and patients aged ≥60 years. The predictive model for rebleeding was developed using these factors to identify patients who had a high risk of rebleeding and to provide useful information to physicians in clinical practice. The C-statistic of the predictive model was 0.698. A risk-based approach to follow-up patients with OGIB can help clinicians determine a follow-up period for patients after small bowel investigation.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Japanese Society of Gastroenterology|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
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