Risk Factors for Recurrence of Cholangitis After Pancreaticoduodenectomy and Comparison of Stents in Hepaticojejunostomy

Hirotaka Fukuoka, Hirochika Toyama, Takuya Mizumoto, Jun Ishida, Sadaki Asari, Tadahiro Goto, Yoshihide Nanno, Takeshi Urade, Kenji Fukushima, Hidetoshi Gon, Daisuke Tsugawa, Shohei Komatsu, Kaori Kuramitsu, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Masahiro Kido, Tetsuo Ajiki, Takumi Fukumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Postoperative cholangitis is a common complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy. Frequent cholangitis impairs patients’ quality of life after pancreaticoduodenectomy. However, the risk factors for recurrence of cholangitis remain unclear. Hence, this retrospective study aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence of cholangitis after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy between 2015 and 2019 in our institution were retrospectively reviewed. At least two episodes of cholangitis a year after pancreaticoduodenectomy were defined as ‘recurrence of cholangitis’ in the present study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: The recurrence of cholangitis occurred in 40 of 207 patients (19.3%). Multivariate analysis revealed that internal stent (external, RR: 2.16, P = 0.026; none, RR: 4.76, P = 0.011), firm pancreas (RR: 2.61, P = 0.021), constipation (RR: 3.49, P = 0.008), and postoperative total bilirubin>1.7 mg/dL (RR: 2.94, P = 0.006) were risk factors of recurrence of cholangitis. Among patients with internal stents (n = 54), those with remnant stents beyond 5 months had more frequent recurrence of cholangitis (≥5 months, 75%; <5 months, 30%). Conclusions: Internal stents, firm pancreas, constipation, and postoperative high bilirubin levels are risk factors for cholangitis recurrence after pancreaticoduodenectomy. In addition, the long-term implantation of internal stents may trigger cholangitis recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2499-2506
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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