Background: In the treatment of metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs), surgical resection is the first choice if curative resection is expected. However, most patients develop recurrence after resection of liver metastasis. Because one of the benefits of resection is to gain a tumor-free period for the patients, it is important to identify which patients achieve longer recurrence-free survival (RFS) by resection. In this study, the clinicopathological factors associated with RFS after resection of metastatic PanNETs in the liver were evaluated to identify the patient group that is suitable for resection. Methods: Consecutively diagnosed patients with PanNET liver metastasis with resection at our hospital from January 2000 to July 2019 were evaluated. A total of 26 metastatic PanNET patients with primary liver resections were evaluated. The median follow-up time was 48.3 months. Results: There were 18 NET recurrences of the total 26 resections, with a median RFS of 17.9 months. Independent risk factors for short RFS were a high Ki67 index (p =.009) and the number of resected tumors (p =.045). When the cut-off value for the Ki67 index was 5.0% and that for the number of resected tumors was 6, Ki67 > 5.0% tumors had shorter RFS (4.9 months vs. 38.2 months p =.006), and patients with tumors > = 7 tumors had shorter RFS (4.7 months vs. 27.5 months p =.001). Conclusions: These findings indicate that good candidates for resection of metastatic tumors of PanNETs could be patients with low Ki67 tumors and a small number of metastatic tumors.
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