Background: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) limits long-term success after heart transplant. We assessed the post-transplant risk factors for CAV development. Methods and Results: Patients who underwent heart transplant between May 1999 and December 2013 were included in this study. Patients (n=54) were divided into 2 groups according to the presence or absence of CAV progression after transplant. Coronary angiogram and intravascular ultrasound were conducted within 5–11 weeks after transplant, at 12 months, and annually thereafter. Scheduled endomyocardial biopsies were performed after transplant or whenever acute cellular rejection (ACR) or antibody-mediated rejection was suspected. Twenty-five of 54 patients (46.2%) had CAV progression. ACR ≥International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation grade 2 (ACR ≥2) and donor age >50 years were significantly associated with CAV development compared with ACR <2 and donor age <50 years. Patients with no history of ACR ≥2 and donor age ≤50 years had a significantly low risk of developing CAV compared with the other groups. Conclusions: Donor age and history of ACR ≥2 are independent risk factors for CAV development. Identifying patients at risk of developing CAV is important for appropriate direction of resources and intensity of follow-up.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine