This study was designed to test whether phencyclidine (PCP)-induced turning behavior and locomotor stimulation result from the action of this drug on functionally different neuronal systems and different sites of the brain. PCP produced turning behavior towards the drug injection side with unilateral injection of PCP (50—100 μg) into the globus pallidus, but not the nucleus accumbens and the caudate nucleus. This turning behavior was strongly attenuated by agamma-aminobutylic acid (GABA) antagonist, bicuculline, and by pimozide which reduces dopaminergic transmission in non-injection sites. Turning behavior induced by intraperitoneal injection of PCP (7.5 mg/kg)was enhanced by a GABA agonist, baclofen, and attenuated by GABA antagonists (bicuculline, picrotoxin). on the other hand, PCP produced significant locomotor stimulation, sniffing, rearing and forward locomotion with unilateral injection of 25—100 μ g into the nucleus accumbens and the caudate nucleus. These behaviors were strongly antagonized by intraperitoneal injection of pimozide. The locomotor stimulation induced by intraperitoneal injection of PCP (5 mg/kg) was markedly enhanced by a small dose of methamphetamine and, by contrast, attenuated by reserpine, 6-hydroxydopamine, haloperidol, pimozide and a low dose of apo-morphine which inhibits the release of dopamine by the stimulation of presynaptic receptors. These results suggest that PCP-induced turning behavior may be produced through stimulation of GABAergic transmission in the grobus pallidus, although PCP-induced locomotor stimulation, sniffing, rearing and forward locomotion may be produced by increasing dopaminergic transmission in the nucleus accumbens and the caudate nucleus.
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