In unanaethetised rats with a single injection of compound 48/80, a mast cell degranulator (0.75 mg kg-1, i.p.), gastric lesions occurred with increased serum serotonin and histamine levels and reduced gastric mucosal blood flow at 0.5 h after the injection and developed at 3 h. Pretreatment with either cyproheptadine (a serotonin and histamine antagonist) or methysergide (a serotonin antagonist) prevented the formation of gastric mucosal lesions with attenuation of reduced gastric mucosal blood flow at 0.5 h after compound 48/80 injection, while pretreatment with either amitriptyline (a selective inhibitor of histamine release from mast cells), tripelennamine (a histamine H1-receptor antagonist), famotidine (a histamine H2-receptor antagonist) or cimetidine (a histamine H2-receptor antagonist) had no effect. Pretreatment with either cyproheptadine, methysergide, amitriptyline or tripelennamine prevented the development of gastric mucosal lesions at 3 h after compound 48/80 injection, while pretreatment with either famotidine or cimetidine had no effect. These results indicate that in unanaesthetised rats with a single compound 48/80 treatment, acutely released endogenous serotonin causes gastric mucosal lesions, while released endogenous histamine mainly contributes to the lesion development and that gastric acid plays little role in the pathogenesis of the compound 48/80-induced acute gastric lesions.
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