Background: Percutaneous driveline infection is a major complication of left ventricular assist device (LVAD). This study evaluated the role of gallium-67 single-photon emission computed tomography (Ga-SPECT)-CT in LVAD-specific percutaneous driveline infection. Methods: Thirty-six patients with implantable continuous-flow LVAD, who underwent Ga-SPECT-CT to evaluate percutaneous driveline infections, were enrolled and divided into uptake and no-uptake groups based on tracer concentration uptake on Ga-SPECT-CT. Primary outcomes were surgical intervention and readmission for driveline infection. Results: Twenty-two patients had uptake on Ga-SPECT-CT. No significant differences were noted in patient characteristics, wound appearance, or laboratory results. The prevalence of positive skin culture at the driveline exit site (DLES), and usage and duration of antibiotics did not differ. However, the uptake group had higher 1-year event rates (surgical intervention: 39% vs 0%, P = .019; readmission: 74% vs 6.9%, P = .0016). In addition to positive skin culture at DLES and short duration of antibiotic therapy, uptake on Ga-SPECT-CT was a risk factor for surgical intervention (odds ratio 9.00; P = .018) and readmission (odds ratio 7.86; P = .0051). Conclusions: Ga-SPECT-CT could be one of the clinical modalities for guiding the treatment of driveline infection in patients with a LVAD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine