Whether glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) or xylulose-5-phosphate (X5P) is the signaling molecule for carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) transactivation has been controversial. In this study, we tested the role of G6P and X5P in the regulation of ChREBP transactivation in the pancreatic β cell line, INS-1E. In contrast to glucose, which can be converted into both G6P and X5P, 2DG is only converted into 2DG6P. The potency of 2-deoxy-glucose (2DG) to induce Chrebp target mRNA was weaker and less persistent than that of glucose. Moreover, the results from siRNA knockdown of ChREBP, a reporter assay involving the pGL3 promoter with carbohydrate response element (ChoRE), and a ChIP assay with an anti-ChREBP antibody revealed that 2DG does not increase ChREBP transactivity in INS-1E cells. In accordance with these results, transfection of siRNA against Chrebp tended to reduce glucose-stimulated, but not 2DG-stimulated, expression of ChREBP target genes. Conversely, the expression of xylulokinase (Xylb), which converts xylitol to X5P, was much lower than in primary hepatocytes. In INS-1E cells infected by adenovirus bearing Xylb cDNA, xylitol increased expression of ChREBP target genes, although with a weaker potency than glucose. Finally, X5P partly induced ChREBP transactivity in INS-1E cells overexpressing Xylb cDNA. In conclusion, G6P and X5P can activate ChREBP transactivity, but their potencies to induce ChREBP transactivity were much lower than that of glucose, suggesting that other factors such as fructose 2,6-bisphosphate may be needed for full activation of glucose-induced gene expression.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism