Role of the C-terminal region of smg p25A in its interaction with membranes and the GDP/GTP exchange protein

S. Araki, K. Kaibuchi, T. Sasaki, Y. Hata, Y. Takai

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Abstract

smg p25A is a ras p21-like small GTP-binding protein which is implicated in the regulated secretory processes. We have recently found that bovine brain smg p25A is geranylgeranylated at its C-terminal region. In this study, we examined the function(s) of the C-terminal region of smg p25A. Limited proteolysis of bovine brain smg p25A with Achromobacter protease I produced an N-terminal fragment and a C-terminal tail. The M(r)s of intact smg p25A,the N-terminal fragment, and the C-terminal tail were estimated to be about 24,000, 20,000, and less than 2,000, respectively, by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The N-terminal fragment contained the consensus amino acid sequences for GDP/GTP-binding and GTPase activities and showed these activities with kinetic properties similar to those of the intact protein but did not bind to plasma membranes or phosphatidylserine-linked Affigel under conditions in which the intact protein bound to them. The C-terminal tail neither contained the consensus amino acid sequences for GDP/GTP-binding and GTPase activities nor bound to plasma membranes or phosphatidylserine-linked Affigel. The GDP/GTP exchange protein specific for smg p25A, named GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI), made a complex with the GDP-bound form of the intact smg p25A at a molar ratio of 1 : 1 and thereby inhibited its GDP/GTP exchange reaction but neither made a complex with the N-terminal fragment or the C-terminal tail nor affected the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of the N-terminal fragment. We expressed smg p25A in Escherichia coli and purified it to near homogeneity. This bacterial protein was not geranylgeranylated. Bacterial smg p25A did not bind to plasma membranes or phosphatidylserine-linked Affigel. smg p25A GDI neither made a complex with bacterial smg p25A nor affected its GDP/GTP exchange reaction. These results suggest that the N-terminal region of smg p25A has GDP/GTP-binding and GTPase activities but lacks the ability to interact with membranes and smg p25A GDI, that the C-terminal region of smg p25A plays important roles in its interaction with membranes and smg p25A GDI, and that some modifications of the C-terminal region, such as geranylgeranylation, which are absent in bacterial smg p25A, are important for these interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1438-1447
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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