Role of the cytoplasmic tyrosines of β1A integrins in transformation by v-src

Takao Sakai, Richard Jove, Reinhard Fässler, Deane F. Mosher

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65 Citations (Scopus)


GD25 cells lacking β1 integrins or expressing β1A with mutations of conserved cytoplasmic tyrosines (Y783, Y795) to phenylalanine have poor directed migration to platelet-derived growth factor or lysophosphatidic acid when compared with GD25 cells expressing wild-type β1A. We studied the effects of v-src on these cells. Transformation with v-src caused tyrosine and serine phosphorylation of wild-type β1A but not of Y783/795F doubly mutated β1A. v-src-transformed cells had rounded and/or fusiform morphology and poor assembly of fibronectin matrix. Adhesion to fibronectin or laminin and coupling of focal contacts to actin-containing cytoskeleton were preserved in transformed Y783/795F cells but lost on transformation when β1A was wild type. Transformed Y783/795F cells also retained ability, albeit limited, to migrate across filters, whereas transformed cells with wild-type β1A were unable to transverse filters. Studies of single tyrosine mutants showed that the more important tyrosine for retaining ability to adhere, assemble focal contacts, and migrate is Y783. These results suggest that overactive phosphorylation of cytoplasmic residues of β1A, particularly Y783, accounts in part for the phenotype of v-src-transformed cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3808-3813
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 27-03-2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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