Roles of Epstein-Barr virus BGLF3.5 gene and two upstream open reading frames in lytic viral replication in HEK293 cells

Takahiro Watanabe, Kenshiro Fuse, Takahiro Takano, Yohei Narita, Fumi Goshima, Hiroshi Kimura, Takayuki Murata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) predominantly establishes a latent infection in B lymphocytes, but a small percentage of infected cells switch from the latent state to the lytic cycle, leading to potent viral DNA replication and progeny viruses production. We here focused on a lytic gene BGLF3.5, and first established BGLF3.5 mutants by marker cassette insertion. Unexpectedly, this insertion mutant failed to produce BGLF4 protein and thus progeny production was severely inhibited. Then we carefully made two point mutant viruses (stop codon insertion or frame-shift mutation) and found that BGLF3.5 is not essential for EBV lytic replication processes, such as viral gene expression, DNA replication, or progeny production in the HEK293 cells although its homolog in murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) was reported to be essential. In addition, we examined the roles of two short, upstream open reading frames within the 5'UTR of BGLF3.5 gene in translation of BGLF4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalVirology
Volume483
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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