Rotational Atherectomy for Severely Calcified Lesions in Patients With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction: One-Year Outcomes From aSingle-Center Registry Analysis

Ruka Yoshida, Hideki Ishii, Itsuro Morishima, Akihito Tanaka, Kensuke Takagi, Naoki Yoshioka, Yasuhiro Morita, Kazumasa Unno, Yukihiko Yoshida, Hideyuki Tsuboi, Toyoaki Murohara

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Abstract

Background: High-risk percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction has been proven to induce reverse LV remodeling. However, the impact of high-risk PCI focusing on rotational atherectomy (RA) in patients with severe LV systolic dysfunction has not been completely addressed. Methods: Among 4339 consecutive patients who underwent PCI, 178 patients with 192 lesions were treated with RA. The reduced ejection fraction (EF) group (LVEF ≤35%) included 25 patients, the mid-range EF group (LVEF 36–50%) included 44 patients, and the preserved EF group (LVEF >50%) included 109 patients. The primary outcome was a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, target-vessel revascularization, and ischemic stroke. Results: The cumulative 1-year incidence of the primary outcome was similar among the three groups (reduced EF, 29%; mid-range EF, 25%; preserved EF, 26%; p = 0.95). After adjusting for confounding factors, the incidence of the primary outcome in the reduced EF group (hazard ratio [HR], 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.43–2.37; p = 0.87) and the mid-range EF group (HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.47–1.94; p = 0.97) was similar to that in the preserved EF group. LVEF was significantly improved in the reduced EF and mid-range EF groups compared with the preserved EF group (absolute change in LVEF: 13.6 ± 11.3%, 9.0 ± 10.1%, and −0.7 ± 7.8%, respectively; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Reduced EF was not associated with increase in the primary outcome in patients undergoing RA. This seemed to result from the improved LV function after PCI. Summary for annotated table of contents: This single center analysis study investigated 1-year composite outcome of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, target-vessel revascularization, and ischemic stroke in patients with severe LV systolic dysfunction undergoing RA compared with that in patients with preserved LV function. The cumulative 1-year incidence of the composite outcome was similar among the three groups (reduced EF, 29%; mid-range EF, 25%; preserved EF, 26%; p = 0.95). LVEF was significantly improved in the reduced EF and mid-range EF groups compared with the preserved EF group (absolute change in LVEF: 13.6 ± 11.3%, 9.0 ± 10.1%, and −0.7 ± 7.8%, respectively; p < 0.0001).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1227
Number of pages8
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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