Rotavirus circumvents the antiviral effects of protein ISGylation via proteasomal degradation of Ube1L

Rakesh Sarkar, Upayan Patra, Arpita Mukherjee, Suvrotoa Mitra, Satoshi Komoto, Mamta Chawla-Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Among the ramified cellular responses elicited in response to pathogenic stimuli, upregulation and covalent conjugation of an Ubiquitin-like modifier ISG15 to lysine residues of target proteins (ISGylation) through sequential action of three enzymes E1 (Ube1L), E2 (Ube2L6) and E3 (Herc5) have emerged as an important regulatory facet governing innate immunity against numerous viral infections. In the present study, we investigated the interplay between host ISGylation system and Rotavirus (RV). We observed that RV infection upregulates the expression of free ISG15 but prevents protein ISGylation. Analysing the expression of ISGylation machinery components revealed that RV infection results in steady depletion of Ube1L protein with the progression of infection. Indeed, restoration of Ube1L expression caused induction in protein ISGylation during RV infection. Subsequent investigation revealed that ectopic expression of RV non-structural protein 5 (NSP5) fosters proteolytic ubiquitylation of Ube1L, thereby depleting it in an ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent manner. Moreover, pan-Cullin inhibition also abrogates proteolytic ubiquitylation and rescued depleted Ube1L in RV-NSP5 expressing cells, suggesting the involvement of host cellular Cullin RING Ligases (CRLs) in proteasomal degradation of Ube1L during RV-SA11 infection. Reciprocal co-immunoprecipitation analyses substantiated a molecular association between Ube1L and RV-NSP5 during infection scenario and also under ectopically overexpressed condition independent of intermediate RNA scaffold and RV-NSP5 hyperphosphorylation. Interestingly, clonal overexpression of Ube1L reduced expression of RV proteins and RV infectivity, which are restored in ISG15 silenced cells, suggesting that Ube1L is a crucial anti-viral host cellular determinant that inhibits RV infection by promoting the formation of ISG15 conjugates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110891
JournalCellular Signalling
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology


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