Ruptured tibial artery in neurofibromatosis type 1: A case report

Sohei Matsuura, Takuya Hashimoto, Masamitsu Suhara, Juno Deguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) or von Recklinghausen's disease, an autosomal dominant genetic disorder, is characterized by a café au lait spot and cutaneous neurofibromas. It typically involves the skin, nerves, bones, muscles, and eyes, and occasionally involves vascular complications and can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. Case presentation: We present the case of a 77-year-old female with a posterior tibial artery rupture with NF-1. She presented with sudden right lower leg swelling, pain, paresthesia, and paralysis; computed tomography images revealed popliteal artery aneurysm with surrounding hematoma, expanding from the posterior aspect of the knee to the calf. Diagnosed with compartment syndrome, due to a ruptured right popliteal artery aneurysm, she underwent prosthetic replacement of the popliteal aneurysm. Intraoperatively, the fragility of the popliteal artery was noted, although no perforation site was recognized despite the aneurysm; active bleeding originated from the hematoma between the calf muscles. Intraoperative digital subtraction angiography revealed an extravasation at the branch of the posterior tibial artery that was managed by coil embolization of the posterior tibial artery. Clinical discussion: Although the frequency of NF-1 vasculopathy is unknown, vasculopathy is the second most common cause of mortality in patients with NF-1, after malignancy. The less invasive endovascular approach might be preferable for treating NF-1-related aneurysm. The NF-related vasculopathy lesion sites are diverse, and intraoperative angiography would help confirm the diagnosis. Conclusion: NF-1-related vasculopathy may be associated with vascular fragility, and the endovascular approach might be preferable. Endovascular-first approach could have helped in correct diagnosis in the present case.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106012
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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