Safety and feasibility of minimally invasive gastrectomy following preoperative chemotherapy for highly advanced gastric cancer

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Abstract

Background: This study aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of minimally invasive gastrectomy in patients who underwent preoperative chemotherapy for highly advanced gastric cancer. Methods: Preoperative chemotherapy was indicated for patients with advanced large tumors (≥ cT3 and ≥ 5 cm) and/or bulky node metastasis (≥ 3 cm × 1 or ≥ 1.5 cm × 2). Between January 2009 and March 2022, 150 patients underwent preoperative chemotherapy followed by gastrectomy with R0 resection, including conversion surgery (robotic, 62; laparoscopic, 88). The outcomes of these patients were retrospectively examined. Results: Among them, 41 and 47 patients had stage IV disease and underwent splenectomy, respectively. Regarding operative outcomes, operative time was 475 min, blood loss was 72 g, morbidity (grade ≥ 3a) rate was 12%, local complication rate was 10.7%, and postoperative hospital stay was 14 days (Interquartile range: 11–18 days). Fifty patients (33.3%) achieved grade ≥ 2 histological responses. Regarding resection types, total/proximal gastrectomy plus splenectomy (29.8%) was associated with significantly higher morbidity than other types (distal gastrectomy, 3.2%; total/proximal gastrectomy, 4.9%; P < 0.001). Specifically, among splenectomy cases, the rate of postoperative complications associated with the laparoscopic approach was significantly higher than that associated with the robotic approach (40.0% vs. 0%, P = 0.009). In the multivariate analysis, splenectomy was an independent risk factor for postoperative complications [odds ratio, 8.574; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.584–28.443; P < 0.001]. Conclusions: Minimally invasive gastrectomy following preoperative chemotherapy was feasible and safe for patients with highly advanced gastric cancer. Robotic gastrectomy may improve surgical safety, particularly in the case of total/proximal gastrectomy combined with splenectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalBMC gastroenterology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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