Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine functions in colitis via IL17A regulation in mucosal CD4+ T cells

Makoto Tanaka, Tomohisa Takagi, Yuji Naito, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Yuma Hotta, Yuki Toyokawa, Chihiro Ushiroda, Yasuko Hirai, Wataru Aoi, Yasuki Higashimura, Katsura Mizushima, Tetsuya Okayama, Kazuhiro Katada, Kazuhiro Kamada, Takeshi Ishikawa, Osamu Handa, Yoshito Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is a matricellular glycol that regulates cell proliferation, tissue repair, and tumorigenesis. Despite evidence linking SPARC to inflammation, the mechanisms are unclear. Accordingly, the role of SPARC in intestinal inflammation was investigated. Methods: Colitis was induced in wild-type (WT) and SPARC knockout (KO) mice using trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). Colons were assessed for damage; leukocyte infiltration; Tnf, Ifng, Il17a, and Il10 mRNA expression; and histology. Cytokine profiling of colonic lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) was performed by flow cytometry. Naïve CD4+ T cells were isolated from WT and SPARC KO mouse spleens, and the effect of SPARC on Th17 cell differentiation was examined. Recombination activating gene 1 knockout (RAG1 KO) mice reconstituted with T cells from either WT or SPARC KO mice were investigated. Results: Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid exposure significantly reduced bodyweight and increased mucosal inflammation, leukocyte infiltration, and Il17a mRNA expression in WT relative to SPARC KO mice. The percentage of IL17A-producing CD4+ T cells among LPMCs from KO mice was lower than that in WT mice when both groups were exposed to TNBS. Th17 cell differentiation was suppressed in cells from SPARC KO mice. In the T cell transfer colitis model, RAG1 KO mice receiving T cells from WT mice were more severely affected than those reconstituted with cells from SPARC KO mice. Conclusions: Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine accelerates colonic mucosal inflammation via modulation of IL17A-producing CD4+ T cells. SPARC is a potential therapeutic target for conditions involving intestinal inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-680
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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