Serum concentrations of carotenoids, α-tocopherol, fatty acids, and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) were measured in 217 Japanese residents of Japan, and in 99 Japanese and 100 Caucasian residents of the US, aged from 50 y to 74 y. In females, serum values of carotenoids such as β-carotene (BC) and zeaxanthin and lutein (ZL) were highest among Japanese in Japan, followed by Japanese in the US and Caucasians in the US. In males, these values, except for serum BC values, were also highest among Japanese in Japan. Moreover, serum values of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosa-hexaenoic acid were significantly higher among Japanese in Japan than among Japanese and Caucasians in the US in both sexes. In contrast, serum values of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid and arachidonic acid were lowest among Japanese in Japan. For women, serum levels of n-9 unsaturated fatty acids were lowest among Japanese living in Japan. Serum TBARS values were highest among Japanese in Japan, followed by Japanese in the US and Caucasians in the US. A significant positive correlation was observed between serum values of TBARS and n-3 PUFAs among Japanese both in Japan and in the US. Serum TBARS values showed a significant inverse relationship with the serum values of BC and ZL among Japanese in Japan and with those of BC among Japanese in the US. These relationships were not always observed among Caucasians in the US. The results of this study suggest that the high TBARS values among Japanese in Japan may depend in part on lipid peroxidation induced in vitro by n-3PUFAs, while high reduction of lipid peroxidation could be expected among Japanese in Japan with high antioxidants such as BC and ZL. In conclusion, serum levels of nonprovitamin A carotenoids such as ZL may be a useful intake marker of vegetables. Dietary intakes of dark green vegetables and fish rich in n-3PUFAs might be more important in the prevention of some sites of cancer and of ischemic heart disease.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research|
|Publication status||Published - 11-1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics