Background: Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) can generate pre-β high-density lipoprotein (HDL), an efficient acceptor of peripheral cholesterol, by mediating a process called HDL conversion. The transfer of phospholipids to immature HDL is also essential in maintaining reverse cholesterol transport. The phospholipid transfer activity of PLTP has been associated with various patho-physiological conditions; however, little information is available concerning the relationship between PLTP mass and disease. Methods and Results: Using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, PLTP concentration was measured and related to the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in a worksite-based cohort of Japanese men (n=2,567). Multiple linear regression analysis showed significant associations between PLTP and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and body mass index (standardized β=0.395, -0.191, -0.064, and -0.064, respectively; R 2=0.31). During the follow-up period, there were 10 cases of coronary heart disease (CHD) and 7 of stroke. The multivariate adjusted relative risk of CHD was 0.46 (95% confidence interval, 0.20-1.07) for an increase of 1 standard deviation in the PLTP value (p=0.071). PLTP concentration was not related to the risk of stroke. Conclusions: The results of this prospective study indicate that the serum PLTP concentration would serve as a predictor of CHD, independent of HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and other established risk factors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine