Sialic acids (Sias) are an outermost-situated sugar of glycoproteins and glycolipids to play important roles in various biological phenomena. They are often modified by additional substituents, such as O-acetyl group, to display more than 50 different structures in nature. Of those modified Sia, nothing is known about the occurrence and biological functions of sulfated Sias (SiaSs) in mammals. To elucidate the significance of sialic acid sulfation, we investigated various mammalian-cultured cell lines for the expression of SiaS using the specific antibody 3G9. First, SiaS is expressed in a cell line-dependent and a cell density-dependent manner. Second, in CHO cells, the expression of SiaS is reversibly induced by treatment with the antibiotic G418. Taken together, the expression of SiaS is changed by intrinsic and extrinsic factors in mammalian cells. This is the first demonstration of regulated expression of SiaS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry