Purpose: The appropriate object thickness to start using anti-scatter grids (grids) has not sufficiently investigated in previous studies, and thus we rigorously investigated the effectiveness of two generally used grids with grid ratios of 6 and 10 (G6 and G10) for different 50–200 mm thicknesses at tube voltages of 60–100 kV. Methods: Acrylic phantoms with 30 × 30 cm2 and different thicknesses were used to measure the signal-to-noise ratio improvement factors (SIFs) of grids. To evaluate the infants’ conditions, field sizes of 225, 400, and 625 cm2 were also evaluated at 60–80 kV. In addition, the signal difference-to-noise ratio (SDNR) was used to evaluate tube voltage dependencies of grids for each thickness. Results: SIF values exceeded 1.0 for ≥70 mm thicknesses and mostly exceeded 1.07 for the 100 mm thickness with 400 cm2 field size corresponding to a 1-year-old infant abdomen. The estimated dose reduction capabilities for a 1-year-old infant were approximately 15% using G10 at 70 and 80 kV. The tube voltage dependencies for grid use was almost not prominent for all conditions tested, except for some conditions that are not clinically realistic. Conclusions: G6 and G10 can improve SNR for ≥100 mm thickness. The results from this work demonstrate approximately 15% dose reduction or image quality improvements at the same dose level for the use of G6 and G10 grids for 100 mm thickness, traditionally excluded from the recommended grid use conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Physics and Astronomy(all)