Silk suture granuloma with false-positive findings on PET/CT accompanied by peritoneal metastasis after colon cancer surgery

Sohei Matsuura, Kazuhito Sasaki, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Hideki Abe, Hideo Nagai, Fuyo Yoshimi

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction Suture granuloma is a rare benign tumor caused by suture material, which usually appears several months or years after surgery. Presentation of case A 71-year-old man underwent sigmoidectomy and partial hepatectomy (S6) for sigmoid colon cancer and synchronous liver metastasis at a previous hospital. At 4 postoperative months, surveillance computed tomography (CT) revealed a suspicious tumor at the hepatic resection stump. He was referred to our hospital for further examinations and treatments. Positron emission tomography/CT (PET/CT) revealed abnormal hepatic F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake below the diaphragm at the S5/S8 surface. Peritoneal metastasis was suspected and surgery was performed. White nodules were found in the Douglas pouch. A diagnosis of adenocarcinoma was confirmed by frozen section analysis of the nodules. He underwent a partial hepatectomy (S5/S8) and partial resection of the diaphragm. Pathological examination showed that the liver tumor was a foreign body granuloma that included silk suture material. Discussion Although postoperative PET/CT surveillance is useful following malignant tumor resection, it is important to note that PET/CT false-positive findings are possible. Furthermore, PET/CT cannot detect small peritoneal metastases, necessitating a thorough abdominal examination. Conclusion In cases of malignancy, the possibility of postoperative suture granuloma should be considered. In addition, a thorough surgical examination of the abdomen should be performed in cases of suspected recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-25
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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