Simple parameters to identify patients treatable with early definitive fixation: A nationwide study

Kazuhiko Udagawa, Ryo Yamamoto, Naotaka Shimatani, Yusho Nishida, Soichiro Ono, Yasuo Niki, Junichi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Early appropriate care (EAC) is widely accepted as a safe strategy to perform early definitive fracture fixation, and good clinical outcomes have been reported in selected, multiply injured patients, although the optimal candidate for early definitive fixation (EDF) has not been validated. The aim of this study was to identify simple clinical parameters to help select patients who could undergo EDF. Methods: Patients with extremity injuries who underwent open reduction and internal fixation were retrospectively identified, using data from the Japan Trauma Data Bank (JTDB). Age, vital signs on hospital presentation, and the injury severity score (ISS) were examined by transforming these variables to binary categories. Patients were divided into categories based on these variables, and in-hospital mortality was compared between patients treated with EDF (EDF group) and those treated without EDF (non-EDF group) in each category. Results: Of the 12,735 patients who were eligible for the analyses, 3706 (29.1 %) were managed with EDF. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in the EDF group than in the non-EDF group among patients with a low Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (<13), low systolic blood pressure (sBP) (<90 mmHg), and ISS≥15, whereas in-hospital mortality was comparable between the EDF and non-EDF groups among patients with GCS scores ≥13, sBP ≥90 mmHg, and ISS <15. Discussion: In this large nationwide database of trauma patients, EDF was performed without affecting mortality in patients with GCS scores ≥13 and sBP ≥90 mmHg on hospital presentation, as well as ISS <15. These parameters might be useful as screening tools to select the candidates who could be treated with EDF safely.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111117
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 06-2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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