Simple quality assurance based on filtered back projection for geometrical/irradiation accuracy in single-isocenter multiple-target stereotactic radiotherapy

Naoki Hayashi, Shun Kurata, Yasunori Saito, Shuta Ogawa, Keisuke Yasui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In single-isocenter multiple-target stereotactic radiotherapy (SIMT-SRT), it is difficult to evaluate both the geometrical accuracy and absorbed dose measurement when irradiating off-isocenter targets. This study aimed to develop a simple quality assurance (QA) method to evaluate off-isocenter irradiation position accuracy in SIMT-SRT and compare its feasibility with that of a commercial device. First, we created two types of inserts and metallic balls with a diameter of 5 mm to be inserted into a commercially available phantom (SIMT phantom). Second, we developed a dedicated analysis software using Python for the Winston–Lutz test (WLT). Third, an image processing software, including the filtered back-projection algorithm, was developed to analyze the images obtained using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Fourth, the feasibility of our method was evaluated by comparing it with the results of WLT using two commercially available phantoms: WL-QA and MultiMet-WL cubes. Notably, 92% of the results in one-dimensional deviations were within 0.26 mm (EPID pixel width). The correlation coefficients were 0.52, 0.92, and 0.96 in the left–right, superior-inferior, and anterior–posterior directions, respectively. In the WLT, a maximum two-dimensional deviation of 0.70 mm was detected in our method, while the deviation in the other method was within 0.5 mm. The advantage of our method is that it can evaluate the geometrical accuracy at any gantry angle during dynamic rotation irradiation using a filtered back-projection algorithm, even if the target is located off the isocenter. Our method can perform WLT at arbitrary positions and is suitable for the QA of dynamic rotation irradiation using an EPID.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-416
Number of pages8
JournalRadiological Physics and Technology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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