Single session of high-intensity focused ultrasound for localized prostate cancer: treatment outcomes and potential effect as a primary therapy

Kazumasa Komura, Teruo Inamoto, Tomoaki Takai, Taizo Uchimoto, Kenkichi Saito, Naoki Tanda, Junko Kono, Koichiro Minami, Hirohumi Uehara, Yutaka Fujisue, Kiyoshi Takahara, Hajime Hirano, Hayahito Nomi, Toshikazu Watsuji, Satoshi Kiyama, Haruhito Azuma

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the treatment outcomes of a single-session high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using the Sonablate® for patients with localized prostate cancer.

Methods: Biochemical failure was defined according to the Stuttgart definition [a rise of 1.2 ng/ml or more above the nadir prostate-specific antigen (PSA)] and the Phoenix definition (a rise of 2 ng/ml or more above the nadir PSA). Disease-free survival rate was defined using the Phoenix criteria and positive follow-up biopsy.

Results: A total of 171 patients were identified. Fifty-two (30.4 %) patients were identified to be with D’Amico low risk, 47 (27.5 %) with intermediate risk, and 72 (42.1 %) with high risk. In the median follow-up time of 43 months, there was 44 (25.7 %) and 36 (21.1 %) patients experienced biochemical failure for Stuttgart and Phoenix definition with mean (±SD) time to failure of 17.8 ± 2.1 and 19.4 ± 2.3 months, respectively. A total of 44 (25.7 %) patients were diagnosed as disease failure. Cox multivariate analysis revealed PSA nadir level (PSA cutoff = 0.2 ng/ml; HR = 9.472, 95 % CI 4.527–19.820, p < 0.001) and D’amico risk groups [HR = 3.132 (95 % CI 1.251–6.389), p = 0.033] were the predictor for failure in single-session HIFU.

Conclusions: Single-session HIFU treatment using the Sonablate® seems to be potentially curative approach. When treated carefully with neoadjuvant hormonal therapy or preoperative transurethral resection of the prostate, higher-risk disease might be able to choose this minimally invasive procedure as primary therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1345
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

Cite this

Komura, K., Inamoto, T., Takai, T., Uchimoto, T., Saito, K., Tanda, N., Kono, J., Minami, K., Uehara, H., Fujisue, Y., Takahara, K., Hirano, H., Nomi, H., Watsuji, T., Kiyama, S., & Azuma, H. (2013). Single session of high-intensity focused ultrasound for localized prostate cancer: treatment outcomes and potential effect as a primary therapy. World Journal of Urology, 32(5), 1339-1345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-013-1215-z