Although the SLC22A12 (uric acid transporter 1) 258X allele is known to cause hypouricemia, the genotype frequency according to the serum uric acid (SUA) level has not been reported. This study investigated the SLC22A12 258WX frequency according to SUA levels among Japanese health-checkup examinees. In addition, the changes were reported in SUA levels during five years for individuals with 258WX. Subjects were 746 Japanese aged 39-86 years in 2003. Their SUA records were linked during the five years from 2003 to 2007. SLC22A12 W258X was genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers. The 258X allele comprised 1.9% (95% CI, 1.3-2.8%) of all the subjects. Among those with SUA <3.0 mg/dL, 258WX was more common in males (66.7%, 95% CI, 22.2-95.7%) than in females (39.3%, 95% CI, 21.5-59.4%). Among subjects with a SUA of 3.0-4.9 mg/dL, those with 258WX totaled 10.7% (95% CI, 4.0-21.9%) and 2.6% (95% CI, 1.1-5.0%), respectively. There were no subjects with 258WX among those with a SUA of 5.0 mg/dL or more. During the five years from 2003 to 2007, the changes in SUA among 23 individuals with 258WX were found to be similar to those among 258WW subjects (n=536). This study indicated that SLC22A12 258WX was more common among those with a lower serum uric acid concentration. The observed SUA level changes in individuals with 258WX suggested that lifestyle factors could influence the levels of those with 258WX.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nagoya journal of medical science|
|Publication status||Published - 02-2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes