SLC22A4 polymorphism and rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility: A replication study in a Japanese population and a metaanalysis

Yukinori Okada, Mikako Mori, Ryo Yamada, Akari Suzuki, Kyoko Kobayashi, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. The SLC22A4 polymorphisms slc2F1 (rs2073838) and slc2F2 (rs3792876) are reported to be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japanese, but the associations have not been replicated. We assessed the RA susceptibility of slc2F1/F2 polymorphisms. Methods. We conducted a metaanalysis for slc2F1/F2 polymorphisms to RA susceptibility, which included the replication study of an independent Japanese population consisting of 924 cases and 940 controls. A total of 9 studies (4 Japanese studies, 5 Caucasian studies) consisting of 8076 cases and 6837 controls were included in the metaanalysis. Results. The replication study demonstrated significant associations in a Japanese population (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.04-1.37, p = 0.0099, in the allelic mode; OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.08-1.55, p = 0.006, in the dominant mode; p = 0.011 in the trend mode). Significant ethnic diversities of allele frequencies of slc2F1/F2 polymorphisms were found (p = 8.6*10-8) between Caucasian and Japanese populations (0.07-0.08 and 0.30-0.32, respectively). The metaanalysis demonstrated significant associations for all studies (fixed-effect OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.05-1.18, p = 0.00084; random-effect OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.02-1.19, p = 0.017 in the allelic mode). Although subgroup analysis did not detect a significant association within Caucasian studies, significant associations were found within Japanese studies (fixed-effect and random-effect OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.07-1.25, p = 0.00012 in the allelic mode). Conclusion. The associations in Caucasian studies were not significant. Since the significantly low frequency of the risk allele made statistical power lower in Caucasians than in Japanese, whether significant relative risks existed in Caucasian populations was inconclusive. The significant relative risks in Japanese populations were confirmed. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1723-1728
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 09-2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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