Skeletal muscle is known to regulate bone homeostasis through muscle-bone interaction, although factors that control this activity remain unclear. Here, we newly established Smad3-flox mice, and then generated skeletal muscle-specific Smad2/Smad3 double conditional knockout mice (DcKO) by crossing Smad3-flox with skeletal muscle-specific Ckmm Cre and Smad2-flox mice. We show that immobilization-induced gastrocnemius muscle atrophy occurring due to sciatic nerve denervation was partially but significantly inhibited in DcKO mice, suggesting that skeletal muscle cell-intrinsic Smad2/3 is required for immobilization-induced muscle atrophy. Also, tibial bone atrophy seen after sciatic nerve denervation was partially but significantly inhibited in DcKO mice. Bone formation rate in wild-type mouse tibia was significantly inhibited by immobilization, but inhibition was abrogated in DcKO mice. We propose that skeletal muscle regulates immobilization-induced bone atrophy via Smad2/3, and Smad2/3 represent potential therapeutic targets to prevent both immobilization-induced bone and muscle atrophy.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 10-12-2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology