Small-bowel obstruction: diagnostic comparison between double-balloon endoscopy and fluoroscopic enteroclysis, and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment

Naoki Ohmiya, Daigo Arakawa, Masanao Nakamura, Wataru Honda, Osamu Shirai, Ayumu Taguchi, Akihiro Itoh, Yoshiki Hirooka, Yasumasa Niwa, Osamu Maeda, Takafumi Ando, Hidemi Goto

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Abstract

Background: Small-bowel obstruction (SBO) sometimes remains undiagnosed and untreatable without surgery. Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic yields of SBO between double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and fluoroscopic enteroclysis (FE), and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment. Design: Single-center, retrospective, and prospective study. Setting: Tertiary-referral hospital. Patients: Between June 2003 and July 2007, 66 consecutive patients with SBO were enrolled, investigated, and treated. Main Outcome Measurements: A comparison of diagnostic yields between DBE and FE, and the prognosis after enteroscopic balloon dilation. Results: The diagnostic yield of DBE for SBO (95%) was higher than that of FE (71%) in 59 patients who underwent both examinations (P = .004). The first treatment included 27 surgical, 25 enteroscopic, and 14 conservative therapies. Of 47 enteroscopic balloon dilation procedures in 22 patients, 45 (96%) were successful. Of 16 patients with Crohn's disease, 11 (69%) remained asymptomatic over the postdilation follow-up period but 5 relapsed: 2 recovered by repeated dilations, but 3 required surgery. Of 6 patients who had diseases other than Crohn's disease, 4 (67%) remained asymptomatic but 2 relapsed: one with remission of metastasis recovered by repeated dilations, and one with ischemic enteritis required surgery. Anastomotic stricture was an independent marker of the symptom-free outcome (hazard ratio 0.037-0.084, P = .037). Two acute pancreatitis, one perforation, and one exacerbation of SBO complications occurred. Limitations: Small sample size and participation bias. Conclusions: DBE was useful for the diagnosis of SBO. Balloon dilation is considered an alternative to surgery in patients with fibrotic strictures both related and unrelated to Crohn's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2009
Externally publishedYes

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Endoscopy
Dilatation
Crohn Disease
Pathologic Constriction
Enteritis
Tertiary Care Centers
Pancreatitis
Sample Size
Retrospective Studies
Prospective Studies
Neoplasm Metastasis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Ohmiya, Naoki ; Arakawa, Daigo ; Nakamura, Masanao ; Honda, Wataru ; Shirai, Osamu ; Taguchi, Ayumu ; Itoh, Akihiro ; Hirooka, Yoshiki ; Niwa, Yasumasa ; Maeda, Osamu ; Ando, Takafumi ; Goto, Hidemi. / Small-bowel obstruction : diagnostic comparison between double-balloon endoscopy and fluoroscopic enteroclysis, and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment. In: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 2009 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 84-93.
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abstract = "Background: Small-bowel obstruction (SBO) sometimes remains undiagnosed and untreatable without surgery. Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic yields of SBO between double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and fluoroscopic enteroclysis (FE), and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment. Design: Single-center, retrospective, and prospective study. Setting: Tertiary-referral hospital. Patients: Between June 2003 and July 2007, 66 consecutive patients with SBO were enrolled, investigated, and treated. Main Outcome Measurements: A comparison of diagnostic yields between DBE and FE, and the prognosis after enteroscopic balloon dilation. Results: The diagnostic yield of DBE for SBO (95{\%}) was higher than that of FE (71{\%}) in 59 patients who underwent both examinations (P = .004). The first treatment included 27 surgical, 25 enteroscopic, and 14 conservative therapies. Of 47 enteroscopic balloon dilation procedures in 22 patients, 45 (96{\%}) were successful. Of 16 patients with Crohn's disease, 11 (69{\%}) remained asymptomatic over the postdilation follow-up period but 5 relapsed: 2 recovered by repeated dilations, but 3 required surgery. Of 6 patients who had diseases other than Crohn's disease, 4 (67{\%}) remained asymptomatic but 2 relapsed: one with remission of metastasis recovered by repeated dilations, and one with ischemic enteritis required surgery. Anastomotic stricture was an independent marker of the symptom-free outcome (hazard ratio 0.037-0.084, P = .037). Two acute pancreatitis, one perforation, and one exacerbation of SBO complications occurred. Limitations: Small sample size and participation bias. Conclusions: DBE was useful for the diagnosis of SBO. Balloon dilation is considered an alternative to surgery in patients with fibrotic strictures both related and unrelated to Crohn's disease.",
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Ohmiya, N, Arakawa, D, Nakamura, M, Honda, W, Shirai, O, Taguchi, A, Itoh, A, Hirooka, Y, Niwa, Y, Maeda, O, Ando, T & Goto, H 2009, 'Small-bowel obstruction: diagnostic comparison between double-balloon endoscopy and fluoroscopic enteroclysis, and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment', Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 84-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2008.04.067

Small-bowel obstruction : diagnostic comparison between double-balloon endoscopy and fluoroscopic enteroclysis, and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment. / Ohmiya, Naoki; Arakawa, Daigo; Nakamura, Masanao; Honda, Wataru; Shirai, Osamu; Taguchi, Ayumu; Itoh, Akihiro; Hirooka, Yoshiki; Niwa, Yasumasa; Maeda, Osamu; Ando, Takafumi; Goto, Hidemi.

In: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Vol. 69, No. 1, 01.01.2009, p. 84-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Small-bowel obstruction

T2 - diagnostic comparison between double-balloon endoscopy and fluoroscopic enteroclysis, and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment

AU - Ohmiya, Naoki

AU - Arakawa, Daigo

AU - Nakamura, Masanao

AU - Honda, Wataru

AU - Shirai, Osamu

AU - Taguchi, Ayumu

AU - Itoh, Akihiro

AU - Hirooka, Yoshiki

AU - Niwa, Yasumasa

AU - Maeda, Osamu

AU - Ando, Takafumi

AU - Goto, Hidemi

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - Background: Small-bowel obstruction (SBO) sometimes remains undiagnosed and untreatable without surgery. Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic yields of SBO between double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and fluoroscopic enteroclysis (FE), and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment. Design: Single-center, retrospective, and prospective study. Setting: Tertiary-referral hospital. Patients: Between June 2003 and July 2007, 66 consecutive patients with SBO were enrolled, investigated, and treated. Main Outcome Measurements: A comparison of diagnostic yields between DBE and FE, and the prognosis after enteroscopic balloon dilation. Results: The diagnostic yield of DBE for SBO (95%) was higher than that of FE (71%) in 59 patients who underwent both examinations (P = .004). The first treatment included 27 surgical, 25 enteroscopic, and 14 conservative therapies. Of 47 enteroscopic balloon dilation procedures in 22 patients, 45 (96%) were successful. Of 16 patients with Crohn's disease, 11 (69%) remained asymptomatic over the postdilation follow-up period but 5 relapsed: 2 recovered by repeated dilations, but 3 required surgery. Of 6 patients who had diseases other than Crohn's disease, 4 (67%) remained asymptomatic but 2 relapsed: one with remission of metastasis recovered by repeated dilations, and one with ischemic enteritis required surgery. Anastomotic stricture was an independent marker of the symptom-free outcome (hazard ratio 0.037-0.084, P = .037). Two acute pancreatitis, one perforation, and one exacerbation of SBO complications occurred. Limitations: Small sample size and participation bias. Conclusions: DBE was useful for the diagnosis of SBO. Balloon dilation is considered an alternative to surgery in patients with fibrotic strictures both related and unrelated to Crohn's disease.

AB - Background: Small-bowel obstruction (SBO) sometimes remains undiagnosed and untreatable without surgery. Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic yields of SBO between double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) and fluoroscopic enteroclysis (FE), and the outcome of enteroscopic treatment. Design: Single-center, retrospective, and prospective study. Setting: Tertiary-referral hospital. Patients: Between June 2003 and July 2007, 66 consecutive patients with SBO were enrolled, investigated, and treated. Main Outcome Measurements: A comparison of diagnostic yields between DBE and FE, and the prognosis after enteroscopic balloon dilation. Results: The diagnostic yield of DBE for SBO (95%) was higher than that of FE (71%) in 59 patients who underwent both examinations (P = .004). The first treatment included 27 surgical, 25 enteroscopic, and 14 conservative therapies. Of 47 enteroscopic balloon dilation procedures in 22 patients, 45 (96%) were successful. Of 16 patients with Crohn's disease, 11 (69%) remained asymptomatic over the postdilation follow-up period but 5 relapsed: 2 recovered by repeated dilations, but 3 required surgery. Of 6 patients who had diseases other than Crohn's disease, 4 (67%) remained asymptomatic but 2 relapsed: one with remission of metastasis recovered by repeated dilations, and one with ischemic enteritis required surgery. Anastomotic stricture was an independent marker of the symptom-free outcome (hazard ratio 0.037-0.084, P = .037). Two acute pancreatitis, one perforation, and one exacerbation of SBO complications occurred. Limitations: Small sample size and participation bias. Conclusions: DBE was useful for the diagnosis of SBO. Balloon dilation is considered an alternative to surgery in patients with fibrotic strictures both related and unrelated to Crohn's disease.

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