Smoking cessation after discharge among Japanese patients with established ischemic heart disease: A prospective cohort study

Atsuhiko Ota, Nobufumi Yasuda, Kazuya Kawai, Katsutoshi Tanioka, Yoshinori Doi, Hiroshi Ohara, Yuichiro Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this prospective cohort study for Japanese patients with established ischemic heart disease (IHD), the authors investigated the rate of success of smoking cessation 3 months after hospital discharge and its related factors. The subjects included 90 current smokers admitted for IHD. A total of 58 subjects (64%) had quit smoking for 3 months after being discharged. In comparison with subjects with acute myocardial infarction, those with stable angina (SA) showed a significantly lower frequency of smoking cessation (relative risk of resuming smoking (95% confidence interval): 2.06 (1.09, 3.92), p=0.036). This relationship remained significant even after controlling for sex, age, and scores of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (adjusted odds ratio: 3.39 (1.01, 11.37), p=0.048). However, it became insignificant when hospital admission followed by emergency medical service (EMS) care was additionally adjusted (adjusted odds ratio: 2.48 (0.36, 16.97), p=0.356). The smoking cessation rate in this study was identical to that observed in studies conducted in Japan prior to the recent social changes with regard to tobacco use. SA still appears to be a risk factor for smoking resumption after discharge. Experiencing EMS care would be an intermediate variable in this relationship. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Volume62
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2008

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Smoking Cessation
Myocardial Ischemia
Cohort Studies
Stable Angina
Smoking
Emergency Medical Services
Prospective Studies
Tobacco
Odds Ratio
Nicotine
Tobacco Use Disorder
Tobacco Use
Social Change
Japan
Myocardial Infarction
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Ota, Atsuhiko ; Yasuda, Nobufumi ; Kawai, Kazuya ; Tanioka, Katsutoshi ; Doi, Yoshinori ; Ohara, Hiroshi ; Ono, Yuichiro. / Smoking cessation after discharge among Japanese patients with established ischemic heart disease : A prospective cohort study. In: Acta Medica Okayama. 2008 ; Vol. 62, No. 3.
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abstract = "In this prospective cohort study for Japanese patients with established ischemic heart disease (IHD), the authors investigated the rate of success of smoking cessation 3 months after hospital discharge and its related factors. The subjects included 90 current smokers admitted for IHD. A total of 58 subjects (64{\%}) had quit smoking for 3 months after being discharged. In comparison with subjects with acute myocardial infarction, those with stable angina (SA) showed a significantly lower frequency of smoking cessation (relative risk of resuming smoking (95{\%} confidence interval): 2.06 (1.09, 3.92), p=0.036). This relationship remained significant even after controlling for sex, age, and scores of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (adjusted odds ratio: 3.39 (1.01, 11.37), p=0.048). However, it became insignificant when hospital admission followed by emergency medical service (EMS) care was additionally adjusted (adjusted odds ratio: 2.48 (0.36, 16.97), p=0.356). The smoking cessation rate in this study was identical to that observed in studies conducted in Japan prior to the recent social changes with regard to tobacco use. SA still appears to be a risk factor for smoking resumption after discharge. Experiencing EMS care would be an intermediate variable in this relationship. Copyright",
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Smoking cessation after discharge among Japanese patients with established ischemic heart disease : A prospective cohort study. / Ota, Atsuhiko; Yasuda, Nobufumi; Kawai, Kazuya; Tanioka, Katsutoshi; Doi, Yoshinori; Ohara, Hiroshi; Ono, Yuichiro.

In: Acta Medica Okayama, Vol. 62, No. 3, 2, 01.06.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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