Social activities in the elderly

A. Tamakoshi, R. Aoki, Y. Ohno, Shuji Hashimoto, H. Shimizu, A. Ikari, K. Sakata, T. Kawamura, K. Wakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to clarify the status of social activities in the elderly, and to investigate an association between social activities and age, ADL, and geographical area, a self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on the aged population in four areas in Japan. Social activities was defined as "activities which required contact with society" and was measured by 4 major facets of social activity, which were based on 21 questions on job activity, socially-related activities, learning activities, and personal activities. A total index was also developed by summarizing the 4 major facets as an indicator of whether the elderly is socially active or not as a whole. The following major findings emerged from this survey: (1) Rank correlation coefficients between each item which comprised 4 major activities were relatively high; (2) Excluding two activities, "shopping" and "attending senior school", aged men were more actively involved than women; (3) Trend in degrees of social activities differed by age among the 4 major facets, i.e., (a) job activity decreased with age, (b) socially-related activities and learning activities increased up to about 75 years old, and decreased thereafter, (c) personal activities were unaltered up to about 80 years old, and then decreased, and; (4) The elderly with low ADL had the lowest representation among the "highly active" in 4 major facets and total index as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-896
Number of pages9
Journal[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health
Volume42
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-1995

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Activities of Daily Living
Learning
Japan
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Tamakoshi, A., Aoki, R., Ohno, Y., Hashimoto, S., Shimizu, H., Ikari, A., ... Wakai, K. (1995). Social activities in the elderly. [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health, 42(10), 888-896.
Tamakoshi, A. ; Aoki, R. ; Ohno, Y. ; Hashimoto, Shuji ; Shimizu, H. ; Ikari, A. ; Sakata, K. ; Kawamura, T. ; Wakai, K. / Social activities in the elderly. In: [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health. 1995 ; Vol. 42, No. 10. pp. 888-896.
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Tamakoshi, A, Aoki, R, Ohno, Y, Hashimoto, S, Shimizu, H, Ikari, A, Sakata, K, Kawamura, T & Wakai, K 1995, 'Social activities in the elderly', [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 888-896.

Social activities in the elderly. / Tamakoshi, A.; Aoki, R.; Ohno, Y.; Hashimoto, Shuji; Shimizu, H.; Ikari, A.; Sakata, K.; Kawamura, T.; Wakai, K.

In: [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health, Vol. 42, No. 10, 01.01.1995, p. 888-896.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Social activities in the elderly

AU - Tamakoshi, A.

AU - Aoki, R.

AU - Ohno, Y.

AU - Hashimoto, Shuji

AU - Shimizu, H.

AU - Ikari, A.

AU - Sakata, K.

AU - Kawamura, T.

AU - Wakai, K.

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AB - In order to clarify the status of social activities in the elderly, and to investigate an association between social activities and age, ADL, and geographical area, a self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted on the aged population in four areas in Japan. Social activities was defined as "activities which required contact with society" and was measured by 4 major facets of social activity, which were based on 21 questions on job activity, socially-related activities, learning activities, and personal activities. A total index was also developed by summarizing the 4 major facets as an indicator of whether the elderly is socially active or not as a whole. The following major findings emerged from this survey: (1) Rank correlation coefficients between each item which comprised 4 major activities were relatively high; (2) Excluding two activities, "shopping" and "attending senior school", aged men were more actively involved than women; (3) Trend in degrees of social activities differed by age among the 4 major facets, i.e., (a) job activity decreased with age, (b) socially-related activities and learning activities increased up to about 75 years old, and decreased thereafter, (c) personal activities were unaltered up to about 80 years old, and then decreased, and; (4) The elderly with low ADL had the lowest representation among the "highly active" in 4 major facets and total index as well.

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Tamakoshi A, Aoki R, Ohno Y, Hashimoto S, Shimizu H, Ikari A et al. Social activities in the elderly. [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health. 1995 Jan 1;42(10):888-896.