Socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with depressive tendencies in general Japanese men and women: NIPPON DATA2010

Harumitsu Suzuki, Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Takehito Hayakawa, Nobuo Nishi, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Hisatomi Arima, Naoko Miyagawa, Atsushi Satoh, Naomi Miyamatsu, Masahiko Yanagita, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Zentaro Yamagata, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura

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Abstract

Background: The gender-specific characteristics of individuals at an increased risk of developing depression currently remain unclear despite a higher prevalence of depression in women than in men. This study clarified socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with an increased risk of subclinical depression in general Japanese men and women. Methods: Study participants were residents not receiving psychiatric treatments in 300 sites throughout Japan in 2010 (1152 men, 1529 women). Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) for socioeconomic factors and lifestyle factors were calculated using a logistic regression analysis. Results: Risk of depressive tendencies was significantly higher in men who were single and living alone (OR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.56-6.88) than those married. The risk was significantly lower in women who were not working and aged ≥ 60 years (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.22-0.68) and higher in men who were not working and aged < 60 years (OR, 3.57; 95%CI, 1.31-9.72) compared with those who were working. Current smoking was also associated with a significantly increased risk of depressive tendencies in women (OR, 2.96; 95% CI, 1.68-5.22) but not in men. Conclusions: Socioeconomic and lifestyle factors were associated with an increased risk of depressive tendencies in general Japanese. Related factors were different by sex.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalEnvironmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-05-2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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Suzuki, H., Kadota, A., Okuda, N., Hayakawa, T., Nishi, N., Nakamura, Y., Arima, H., Miyagawa, N., Satoh, A., Miyamatsu, N., Yanagita, M., Yatsuya, H., Yamagata, Z., Ohkubo, T., Okamura, T., Ueshima, H., Okayama, A., & Miura, K. (2019). Socioeconomic and lifestyle factors associated with depressive tendencies in general Japanese men and women: NIPPON DATA2010. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 24(1), [37]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-019-0788-6