Soft x-ray mirrors onboard the NeXT satellite

Takashi Okajima, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Yang Soong, Kai Wing Chan, Rob Petre, Yasushi Ogasaka, Takuya Miyazawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Hideyo Kunieda, Manabu Ishida, Yoshitomo Maeda, Keisuke Tamura, Hideyuki Mori, Hisamitsu Awaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Citations (Scopus)


The New Exploration X-ray Telescope (NeXT) is an X-ray astronomical observatory slated to be launched from Japan in 2013. Its objectives range from high resolution imaging and spectroscopy below ~12 keV to studying the hard X-ray sky up to ~70 keV. To accomplish these goals, it will carry, among other instruments, 4 grazing incidence, imaging telescopes, two covering the soft X-ray band and the remaining the higher energies. The soft X-ray telescopes will be similar to ones flown onboard Suzaku, with a larger outer diameter (45 cm) and longer focal length (6 m). The NASA's GSFC foil mirror group is collaborating with the Nagoya University and ISAS/JAXA in the implementation of the the soft X-ray mirrors. Our science driven goal is a <1.3' Half Power Diameter (HPD) Point Spread Function, improved from Suzaku ~1.7' HPD. We address important area in the fabrication process where we plan to make changes; (1) substrate shaping, (2) replication process, (3) reflector assembly, (4) alignment bar accuracy, and (5) focal length miss match among segments. Having done some of them, we measured 1.26' HPD for 60-pair quadrant reflectors. But it still includes bad sectors (>1.8' HPD) towards the quadrant boundary, while most of middle sectors are at 1' HPD level. The bad sectors can be corrected with new assembly approach where we actively tune and then fix reflectors at their right position or whole conical shell reflectors instead of segmented ones. In this proceeding, we present a proposed NeXT soft X-ray telescope performance, report the current status of the development and introduce the new whole shell mirror.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
ISBN (Print)9780819472212
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Marseille, France
Duration: 23-06-200828-06-2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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