Purpose: To prospectively compare the capability of dynamic first-pass contrast-enhanced (CE) perfusion MR imaging with ultra-short TE and area-detector CT (ADCT), analyzed with the same mathematical methods, and that of FDG-PET/CT for diagnosis and management of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Methods and materials: Our institutional review board approved this study and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects. A total 57 consecutive patients with 71 nodules prospectively underwent dynamic CE-perfusion ADCT and MR imaging with ultra-short TE, FDG-PET/CT, as well as microbacterial and/or pathological examinations. The nodules were classified into malignant nodules (n = 45) and benign nodules (n = 26). Pulmonary arterial, systemic arterial and total perfusions were determined by means of dual-input maximum slope models on ADCT and MR imaging and maximum values of standard uptake values (SUV max ) on PET/CT. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed for each index, and sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were compared by McNemar's test. Results: Areas under the curve (Azs) of total perfusion on ADCT (Az = 0.89) and MR imaging (Az = 0.88) were significantly larger than those of systemic arterial perfusion and MR imaging (p<0.05). Accuracy of total perfusion on ADCT (87.3% [62/71]) and MR imaging (87.3% [62/71]) was significantly higher than that of systemic arterial perfusion for both methods (77.5% [55/71] p = 0.02) and SUV max (78.9% [56/71], p = 0.03). Conclusion: Dynamic CE-perfusion MR imaging with ultra-short TE and ADCT and have similar potential capabilities, and are superior to FDG-PET/CT in this setting.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging