We report a case of somatostatinoma of the papilla of Vater with multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors in a patient with von Recklinghausen's disease (VRD). A 64-year-old woman who had had recurrent attacks of acute pancreatitis and cholangitis was found, on gastroduodenal endoscopy, to have a tumor of the papilla of Vater and multiple submucosal tumors of the stomach and duodenum. Numerous submucosal tumors were observed in the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum, and total excision of the papilla of Vater and resection of the duodenal and jejunal submucosal tumors was performed. The tumor of the papilla of Vater showed the histologic appearance of a dense proliferation of tumor cells in acinar form, from the duodenal mucosa to the muscle layer, and psammoma bodies were revealed within the tumor. Immunohistologically, the tumor cells were intensely positive for somatostatin. The submucosal tumors of the duodenum and jejunum were negative for smooth muscle actin, s-100, and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and positive for CD34 and c-kit, and they were diagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors GISTs) according to the strict definition. The only 25 cases of papilla of Vater somatostatinoma associated with VRD to have been reported in the English-language literature since 1982 are reviewed, as well as our own case.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes