Splicing activator RNPS1 suppresses errors in pre-mRNA splicing: A key factor for mRNA quality control

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Abstract

Human RNPS1 protein was first identified as a pre-mRNA splicing activator in vitro and RNPS1 regulates alternative splicing in cellulo. RNPS1 was also known as a peripheral factor of the exon junction complex (EJC). Here we show that cellular knockdown of RNPS1 induced a reduction of the wild-type aurora kinase B (AURKB) protein due to the induced aberrant pre-mRNA splicing events, indicating that the fidelity of AURKB pre-mRNA splicing was reduced. The major aberrant AURKB mRNA was derived from the upstream pseudo 5′ and 3′ splice sites in intron 5, which resulted in the production of the non-functional truncated AURKB protein. AURKB, is an essential mitotic factor, whose absence is known to cause multiple nuclei, and this multinucleation phenotype was recapitulated in RNPS1-knockdown cells. Importantly this RNPS1-knockdown phenotype was rescued by ectopic expression of AURKB, implying it is a major functional target of RNPS1. We found RNPS1 protein, not as a component of the EJC, binds directly to a specific element in the AURKB exon upstream of the authentic 5′ splice site, and this binding is required for normal splicing. RNPS1-knockdown induces a parallel aberrant splicing pattern in a fully distinct pre-mRNA, MDM2, suggesting that RNPS1 is a global guardian of splicing fidelity. We conclude that RNPS1 is a key factor for the quality control of mRNAs that is essential for the phenotypes including cell division.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-926
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume496
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-02-2018

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Aurora Kinase B
RNA Precursors
Quality Control
Quality control
Messenger RNA
RNA Splice Sites
Exons
Phenotype
Proteins
Alternative Splicing
Cell Division
Introns
Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Human RNPS1 protein was first identified as a pre-mRNA splicing activator in vitro and RNPS1 regulates alternative splicing in cellulo. RNPS1 was also known as a peripheral factor of the exon junction complex (EJC). Here we show that cellular knockdown of RNPS1 induced a reduction of the wild-type aurora kinase B (AURKB) protein due to the induced aberrant pre-mRNA splicing events, indicating that the fidelity of AURKB pre-mRNA splicing was reduced. The major aberrant AURKB mRNA was derived from the upstream pseudo 5′ and 3′ splice sites in intron 5, which resulted in the production of the non-functional truncated AURKB protein. AURKB, is an essential mitotic factor, whose absence is known to cause multiple nuclei, and this multinucleation phenotype was recapitulated in RNPS1-knockdown cells. Importantly this RNPS1-knockdown phenotype was rescued by ectopic expression of AURKB, implying it is a major functional target of RNPS1. We found RNPS1 protein, not as a component of the EJC, binds directly to a specific element in the AURKB exon upstream of the authentic 5′ splice site, and this binding is required for normal splicing. RNPS1-knockdown induces a parallel aberrant splicing pattern in a fully distinct pre-mRNA, MDM2, suggesting that RNPS1 is a global guardian of splicing fidelity. We conclude that RNPS1 is a key factor for the quality control of mRNAs that is essential for the phenotypes including cell division.",
author = "Kazuhiro Fukumura and Kunio Inoue and Akira Maeda",
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