The serine/threonine kinase Rho-kinase was recently identified as a downstream effector of the small GTPase Rho, mediating effects of Rho on the actin cytoskeleton. Also phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) has been implicated in the regulation of actin polymerization. As the synthesis of PI(4,5)P2 has been suggested to be affected by Rho proteins, we investigated whether Rho-kinase is involved in the control of PI(4,5)P2 levels. Overexpression of RhoA in HEK-293 cells increased phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) 5-kinase activity and concomitantly enhanced cellular PI(4,5)P2 levels, whereas overexpression of the Rho- inactivating C3 transferase decreased both PI4P 5-kinase activity and PIT(4,5)P2 levels. These effects of RhoA could be mimicked by overexpression of wild-type Rho-kinase and of the constitutively active catalytic domain of Rho-kinase, Rho-kinase-CAT. In contrast, a kinase-deficient mutant of Rho- kinase had no effect on PI4P 5-kinase activity. Importantly, the increase in PI4P 5-kinase activity and PI(4,5)P2 levels by wild-type Rho-kinase, but not by Rho-kinase-CAT, was completely prevented by coexpression of C3 transferase, indicating that the effect of Rho-kinase was under the control of endogenous Rho. In cell lysates, addition of recombinant RhoA and Rho- kinase-CAT stimulated PI4P 5-kinase activity. Finally, the increase in PI(4,5)P2 levels induced by both Rho-kinase-CAT and RhoA was reversed by the Rho-kinase inhibitor HA-1077. Our data suggest that Rho-kinase is involved in the Rho-controlled synthesis of PI(4,5)P2 by PI4P 5-kinase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology