Structures of the asparagine-linked oligosaccharide chains of human von Willebrand factor. Occurrence of blood group A, B, and H(O) structures

T. Matsui, K. Titani, T. Mizuochi

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148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The asparagine-linked oligosaccharide chains of human von Willebrand factor (vWF) purified from pooled plasma were quantitatively liberated from the polypeptide moiety by hydrazinolysis. After N-acetylation, these were fractionated by paper electrophoresis and sequential chromatography on lectin-affinity columns of concanavalin A, Phaseolus vulgaris erythrophytohemagglutinin, Datura stramonium agglutinin, Ricinus communis agglutinin 120, and Ulex europaeus agglutinin I and on a Bio-Gel P-4 column. Their structures were investigated by sequential exoglycosidase digestion in conjunction with methylation analysis. The glycoprotein was shown to be unique in its great diversity of oligosaccharide structures. Another note- worthy finding which had not been reported previously was the occurrence of asparagine-linked oligosaccharide chains with blood group A, B, and H(O) structures. In the present study, this glycoprotein was shown to contain mono- (0.4% of the total oligosaccharides), bi- (78.2%), tri- (12.3%), and tetraantennary (2.3%) complex type oligosaccharides in addition to a series of high mannose type oligosaccharides, Man(6-9)GlcNAc2 (0.8%). Biantennary complex type oligosaccharide chains were those with (8.2%) and without (70.0%) a bisecting GlcNAc residue and approximately 13.2%, 2.2%, and 0.4% of these contained blood group H(O), A, and B structures, respectively. The tri- and tetraantennary complex type chains were those with and without N- acetyllactosamine repeats, and about 13.0% of the triantennary chains without the N-acetyllactosamine repeat contained the blood group H(O) structure. Occurrence of these asparagine-linked oligosaccharides with blood group A and B structures suggest that the repeated use of factor VIII/vWF pooled concentrate for the treatment of hemophiliacs could result in the production of antibodies against vWF with a different blood group from that of the patient, and this development may be pathogenic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8723-8731
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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