Microsomal 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoinositol (1-acyl-GPI) acyltransferase in the rat submandibular gland showed the highest specific activities for eicosanoid-related polyunsaturated acyl-CoAs, such as arachidonoyl-, bishomo-γ-linolenoyl- and 5,8,1 1,14,17eicosapentaenoyl-CoAs, with low Km values. High activities were also obtained with acyl-CoAs having long (more than 14 carbon atoms) and n - 6 unsaturated (more than 3 double bonds) acyl chains. This enzyme also utilized acyl-CoAs having trans-unsaturated or branched chains, but not short-chains, as substrates, although the activity levels for trans-unsaturated acyl-CoAs were lower than those for cis-unsaturated acyl-CoAs. Chronic administration of isoproterenol induced decreases of this enzyme activity and the content of arachidonic, bishomo-γ-linolenic and 5,8,11,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acids at the sn-2 position of phosphatidylinositol. These results suggest that enrichment of arachidonic acid in the sn-2 position of phosphatidylinositol is established by the high specificity and affinity of 1-acyl-GPI acyltransferase for arachidonoyl-CoA. On the other hand, the low level of bishomo-γ-linolenic and 5,8,1 1,14,17-eicosapentaenoic acids in the sn-2 position of phosphatidylinositol may be explained by their limited availability.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 05-10-1995|
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