Successful resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the sensorimotor cortex was achieved in 17 cases. The theoretical basis for performing resection of AVMs in eloquent areas is the fact that the brain in and around the nidus about 1 mm in thickness is considered not to be functioning. It is also considered that any center of important function, when an AVM is involved, shifts to the near-by cortex from the original site. Nevertheless, it is critically important to recognize the cortex functioning as sensorimotor centers before and during operation. For this purpose, we have used surface anatomy scanning (SAS) in combination with magnetic resonance angiography. SAS is found to be very useful for the recognition of the topographical relationship between the surface anatomy and AVM. During operation, the motor cortex is identified with motor evoked potential. We have found that, in some cases, the motor center has shifted to the accessory motor cortex. With these information, it is possible to start resection of the lesion from dissection of the main feeders and dissection of the nidus from a silent cortex toward the critical area. Apparent neurological improvements were achieved in 15 of 17 patients treated surgically (88%). With this result, we think that AVMs in eloquent areas can be treated successfully when the surgery is well-designed and well-oriented with the combined use of diagnostic imaging and monitoring. As for control of intraoperative bleeding, careful attention to small but important surgical techniques avoids troublesome bleeding during AVM surgery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology