Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope

Koujun Yamashita, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Jack Tueller, Scott D. Barthelmy, Lyle M. Bartlett, Kai Wing Chan, Akihiro Furuzawa, Neil Gehrels, Kazutoshi Haga, Hideyo Kunieda, Peter Kurczynski, Gyanendra Lodha, Norio Nakajo, Norihiko Nakamura, Yoshiharu Namba, Yasushi Ogasaka, Takashi Okajima, David Palmer, Ann Parsons, Yang SoongCarl M. Stahl, Harumi Takata, Keisuke Tamura, Yuzuru Tawara, Bonnard J. Teegarden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The practical use of a grazing x-ray telescope is demonstrated for hard-x-ray imaging as hard as 40 keV by means of a depth-graded d-spacing multilayer, a so-called supermirror. Platinum-carbon multilayers of 26 layer pairs in three blocks with a different periodic length d of 3-5 nm were designed to enhance the reflectivity in the energy range from 24 to 36 keV at a grazing angle of 0.3 deg. The multilayers were deposited on thin-replica-foil mirrors by a magnetron dc sputtering system. The reflectivity was measured to be 25%-30% in this energy range; 20 mirror shells thus deposited were assembled into the tightly nested grazing-incidence telescope. The focused hard-x-ray image was observed with a newly developed position-sensitive CdZnTe solid-state detector. The angular resolution of this telescope was found to be 2.4 arc min in the half-power diameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8067-8073
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Optics
Volume37
Issue number34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-1998

Fingerprint

x ray telescopes
grazing
Telescopes
Multilayers
grazing incidence telescopes
mirrors
reflectance
X rays
angular resolution
replicas
foils
magnetron sputtering
platinum
x rays
arcs
spacing
telescopes
solid state
Magnetron sputtering
Metal foil

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Yamashita, K., Serlemitsos, P. J., Tueller, J., Barthelmy, S. D., Bartlett, L. M., Chan, K. W., ... Teegarden, B. J. (1998). Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope. Applied Optics, 37(34), 8067-8073. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.008067
Yamashita, Koujun ; Serlemitsos, Peter J. ; Tueller, Jack ; Barthelmy, Scott D. ; Bartlett, Lyle M. ; Chan, Kai Wing ; Furuzawa, Akihiro ; Gehrels, Neil ; Haga, Kazutoshi ; Kunieda, Hideyo ; Kurczynski, Peter ; Lodha, Gyanendra ; Nakajo, Norio ; Nakamura, Norihiko ; Namba, Yoshiharu ; Ogasaka, Yasushi ; Okajima, Takashi ; Palmer, David ; Parsons, Ann ; Soong, Yang ; Stahl, Carl M. ; Takata, Harumi ; Tamura, Keisuke ; Tawara, Yuzuru ; Teegarden, Bonnard J. / Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope. In: Applied Optics. 1998 ; Vol. 37, No. 34. pp. 8067-8073.
@article{4f67863a99f545aeb43b1730fd7e4919,
title = "Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope",
abstract = "The practical use of a grazing x-ray telescope is demonstrated for hard-x-ray imaging as hard as 40 keV by means of a depth-graded d-spacing multilayer, a so-called supermirror. Platinum-carbon multilayers of 26 layer pairs in three blocks with a different periodic length d of 3-5 nm were designed to enhance the reflectivity in the energy range from 24 to 36 keV at a grazing angle of 0.3 deg. The multilayers were deposited on thin-replica-foil mirrors by a magnetron dc sputtering system. The reflectivity was measured to be 25{\%}-30{\%} in this energy range; 20 mirror shells thus deposited were assembled into the tightly nested grazing-incidence telescope. The focused hard-x-ray image was observed with a newly developed position-sensitive CdZnTe solid-state detector. The angular resolution of this telescope was found to be 2.4 arc min in the half-power diameter.",
author = "Koujun Yamashita and Serlemitsos, {Peter J.} and Jack Tueller and Barthelmy, {Scott D.} and Bartlett, {Lyle M.} and Chan, {Kai Wing} and Akihiro Furuzawa and Neil Gehrels and Kazutoshi Haga and Hideyo Kunieda and Peter Kurczynski and Gyanendra Lodha and Norio Nakajo and Norihiko Nakamura and Yoshiharu Namba and Yasushi Ogasaka and Takashi Okajima and David Palmer and Ann Parsons and Yang Soong and Stahl, {Carl M.} and Harumi Takata and Keisuke Tamura and Yuzuru Tawara and Teegarden, {Bonnard J.}",
year = "1998",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1364/AO.37.008067",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "8067--8073",
journal = "Applied Optics",
issn = "1559-128X",
publisher = "The Optical Society",
number = "34",

}

Yamashita, K, Serlemitsos, PJ, Tueller, J, Barthelmy, SD, Bartlett, LM, Chan, KW, Furuzawa, A, Gehrels, N, Haga, K, Kunieda, H, Kurczynski, P, Lodha, G, Nakajo, N, Nakamura, N, Namba, Y, Ogasaka, Y, Okajima, T, Palmer, D, Parsons, A, Soong, Y, Stahl, CM, Takata, H, Tamura, K, Tawara, Y & Teegarden, BJ 1998, 'Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope', Applied Optics, vol. 37, no. 34, pp. 8067-8073. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.008067

Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope. / Yamashita, Koujun; Serlemitsos, Peter J.; Tueller, Jack; Barthelmy, Scott D.; Bartlett, Lyle M.; Chan, Kai Wing; Furuzawa, Akihiro; Gehrels, Neil; Haga, Kazutoshi; Kunieda, Hideyo; Kurczynski, Peter; Lodha, Gyanendra; Nakajo, Norio; Nakamura, Norihiko; Namba, Yoshiharu; Ogasaka, Yasushi; Okajima, Takashi; Palmer, David; Parsons, Ann; Soong, Yang; Stahl, Carl M.; Takata, Harumi; Tamura, Keisuke; Tawara, Yuzuru; Teegarden, Bonnard J.

In: Applied Optics, Vol. 37, No. 34, 01.12.1998, p. 8067-8073.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope

AU - Yamashita, Koujun

AU - Serlemitsos, Peter J.

AU - Tueller, Jack

AU - Barthelmy, Scott D.

AU - Bartlett, Lyle M.

AU - Chan, Kai Wing

AU - Furuzawa, Akihiro

AU - Gehrels, Neil

AU - Haga, Kazutoshi

AU - Kunieda, Hideyo

AU - Kurczynski, Peter

AU - Lodha, Gyanendra

AU - Nakajo, Norio

AU - Nakamura, Norihiko

AU - Namba, Yoshiharu

AU - Ogasaka, Yasushi

AU - Okajima, Takashi

AU - Palmer, David

AU - Parsons, Ann

AU - Soong, Yang

AU - Stahl, Carl M.

AU - Takata, Harumi

AU - Tamura, Keisuke

AU - Tawara, Yuzuru

AU - Teegarden, Bonnard J.

PY - 1998/12/1

Y1 - 1998/12/1

N2 - The practical use of a grazing x-ray telescope is demonstrated for hard-x-ray imaging as hard as 40 keV by means of a depth-graded d-spacing multilayer, a so-called supermirror. Platinum-carbon multilayers of 26 layer pairs in three blocks with a different periodic length d of 3-5 nm were designed to enhance the reflectivity in the energy range from 24 to 36 keV at a grazing angle of 0.3 deg. The multilayers were deposited on thin-replica-foil mirrors by a magnetron dc sputtering system. The reflectivity was measured to be 25%-30% in this energy range; 20 mirror shells thus deposited were assembled into the tightly nested grazing-incidence telescope. The focused hard-x-ray image was observed with a newly developed position-sensitive CdZnTe solid-state detector. The angular resolution of this telescope was found to be 2.4 arc min in the half-power diameter.

AB - The practical use of a grazing x-ray telescope is demonstrated for hard-x-ray imaging as hard as 40 keV by means of a depth-graded d-spacing multilayer, a so-called supermirror. Platinum-carbon multilayers of 26 layer pairs in three blocks with a different periodic length d of 3-5 nm were designed to enhance the reflectivity in the energy range from 24 to 36 keV at a grazing angle of 0.3 deg. The multilayers were deposited on thin-replica-foil mirrors by a magnetron dc sputtering system. The reflectivity was measured to be 25%-30% in this energy range; 20 mirror shells thus deposited were assembled into the tightly nested grazing-incidence telescope. The focused hard-x-ray image was observed with a newly developed position-sensitive CdZnTe solid-state detector. The angular resolution of this telescope was found to be 2.4 arc min in the half-power diameter.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000485743&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000485743&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1364/AO.37.008067

DO - 10.1364/AO.37.008067

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000485743

VL - 37

SP - 8067

EP - 8073

JO - Applied Optics

JF - Applied Optics

SN - 1559-128X

IS - 34

ER -

Yamashita K, Serlemitsos PJ, Tueller J, Barthelmy SD, Bartlett LM, Chan KW et al. Supermirror hard-x-ray telescope. Applied Optics. 1998 Dec 1;37(34):8067-8073. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.008067