Objective. To evaluate the effect of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on IL-1 induced matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) production by human articular chondrocytes. Methods. Monolayer cell culture of chondrocytes was obtained from human articular cartilage from patella within 24 h after death. MMP-3 and TIMP-1 protein levels were determined by ELISA. MMP-3 activity was assayed as caseinase activity. Amounts of MMP-3 and TIMP-1 mRNA were measured by Northern blot analysis. Results. IL-4 suppressed IL-1 stimulated MMP-3 protein and enzyme activity. Moreover, IL-4 suppressed IL-1 induced MMP-3 mRNA. In contrast, IL-4 did not alter the level of TIMP-1 protein and mRNA. Conclusion. IL-4 may be implicated as a protective mediator of joint destruction seen in inflammatory arthritis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-09-1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy