Surgical management of infected thoracic aneurysms

Akihiko Usui

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Infected thoracic aortic aneurysm (ITAA) is a relatively rare disease. The diagnosis of ITAA is generally made comprehensively based on symptoms, laboratory data and CT findings. Several series of blood cultures are mandatory to first detect the infecting organism. ITAA is usually suspected as aresult of the CT findings. A short-interval CT re-examination is essential to confirm the correct diagnosis. A CT scan commonly demonstrates a rapid enlargement of the aneurismal lumen and soft tissue mass surrounding the aorta. One of the characteristics of ITAA is the presence of several nodular or saccular aneurysms localized in different aortic portions. Patients with ITAA are associated with high incidences of aneurismal rupture due to the aneurysm's abrupt growth. Therefore, ITAAs are associated with both high morbidities and mortalities. The major concerns regarding surgical treatment for ITAA are the control of infection, the resection of whole infected tissue, grafting via an aseptic route and the prevention of recrudescent infection. Therefore, effectual antibiotic therapy is mandatory as the first choice of therapy. Ideally surgical intervention is indicated in patients with acontrolled infection. It is essential to excise the whole infected aneurysmand to reconstruct in-situ grafting via an aseptic route. However, urgent surgery is often required in patients with an uncontrolled infection becausethey have an impending aneurismal rupture. In such cases, an extra-anatomical bypass without cardiopulmonary bypass is applicable. Surgical strategiesshould therefore be determined on a case-by-case basis because these patients present various clinical courses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalNagoya journal of medical science
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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