A 68-year-old man was diagnosed with local recurrent cancer of the ampulla of Vater by follow-up endoscopy 3 years after an endoscopic papillectomy. A screening endoscopy found superficial middle thoracic esophageal cancer. The patient required an esophagectomy and pancreatoduodenectomy. We chose a two-stage operation for the esophageal cancer and the local recurrent cancer of the ampulla of Vater, both to reduce surgical invasiveness and to circumvent the lower curability. The first-stage operation consisted of a right transthoracic subtotal esophagectomy with mediastinal and cervical lymph node dissection, external esophagostomy of the neck, and gastrostomy. Forty days after the first surgery, a gastroduodenal artery- and right gastroepiploic vessel-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy with Child’s reconstruction was performed as the second-stage surgery. Esophageal reconstruction was achieved using a gastric tube via the percutaneous route with vascular anastomosis.
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