Systematic determination of muscle groups and optimal stimulation intensity for simultaneous TMS mapping of multiple muscles in the upper limb

Akiko Yuasa, Shintaro Uehara, Yusuke Sawada, Yohei Otaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been used to assess plastic changes in the cortical motor representations of targeted muscles. The present study explored the optimal settings and stimulation intensity for simultaneous motor mapping of multiple upper-limb muscles across segments. In 15 healthy volunteers, we evaluated cortical representations simultaneously from one muscle in the shoulder, two in the upper arm, two in the forearm, and two intrinsic hand muscles, using five stimulation intensities, ranging from 40% to 100% of the maximum stimulator output. We represented the motor map area acquired at each intensity as a percentage of the maximum for each muscle. We defined a motor map area between 25% and 75% of the maximum as the optimal area size with sufficient scope for both up- and down-regulation, and stimulation intensities producing the map area size within this range as the optimal intensities. We found that motor maps with optimal area sizes could be produced simultaneously for the four distal muscles of the forearm and hand in most participants when the stimulation intensity was set at 120–140% of the resting motor threshold (RMT) of the first dorsal interosseous. For the remaining three proximal muscles, motor maps with optimal area sizes were produced only in a few participants, even when using a higher intensity (180–220% RMT). These findings suggest that cortical representations can be assessed simultaneously in a group of distal muscles using a relatively low stimulation intensity, while a separate operation is required to assess that of the proximal muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15527
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume10
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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